The paper addresses issues related to the ecological operation of rail transport vehicles. The evaluation of the vehicle environmental performance is based mainly on a comparison between the current state of the internal combustion engine (its emissions) with toxic pollutants emission limit values. These values are relevant in specific screening tests for vehicles or engines themselves. Legal emission regulations are of particular importance in the case of domestic operating conditions of rail vehicles due to the existence of a wide range of rolling stock (old and worn out vehicles among the new modern ones). Therefore, it becomes necessary to tackle the subject of how to assess the emission from rail vehicles engines in terms of their actual operating conditions according to the RDE (Real Driving Emission) procedure.
Gao Y., Checkel M.D.: Emission factors analysis for multiple vehicles using an on-board, in-use emissions measurement system. SAE Technical Paper Series 2007-01-1327.
Marciniak Z., Stawecki W., Merkisz J., Pielecha I., Pielecha J.: Możliwości modyfikacji taboru spalinowego w celu zmniejszenia jego oddziaływania na środowisko naturalne. Technika Transportu Szynowego, nr 3, 2011, s. 43-48.
Marciniak Z., Stawecki W., Pielecha I., Pielecha J.: Ekologiczne aspekty spalinowych pojazdów szynowych eksploatowanych na krajowych liniach kolejowych. Logistyka, nr 4, 2010.
Merkisz J., Pielecha J.: Analysis of Particle Concentrations and Smoke in Common-Rail Diesel Engine. SAE Technical Paper Series 2008-01-1743.
Merkisz J., Pielecha J.: Emissions and Fuel Consumption during Road Test from Diesel and Hybrid Buses under Real Road Conditions. IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC’10), Lille 1-3.09.2010, CD, s. 1-6.
Merkisz J., Pielecha J., Gis. W.: Exhaust Emission Results from Light Duty Diesel in a Road Tests. Automobiles and Sustainable Mobility, FISITA 2010 World Automotive Congress, F2010-A-045. Scientific Society for Mechanical Engineering (GTE). Budapeszt 30.05-4.06.2010, p. 1-10.
Merkisz J., Pielecha J., Radzimirski S.: New Trends in Emission Control in the European Union. Springer Tracts on Transportation and Traffic, Vol. 1, 2014.
Pielecha I. Marciniak Z.: Wpływ silników spalinowych pojazdów trakcyjnych eksploatowanych w kraju na środowisko – próby i badania oraz wytyczne dla redukcji emisji składników szkodliwych. Pojazdy Szynowe, nr 1, 2009, s. 34-43.
Walsh M.: Global trends in motor vehicle pollution control: a 2011 update. Combustion Engines, No.2/2011(145).