The modern solution of two-stage combustion, namely the Turbulent Jet Ignition (TJI), enables the combustion of ultra-lean mixtures. Thanks to this solution, it became possible to reduce fuel consumption and, at the same time, to increase the combustion process indicators (including the overall combustion system efficiency). The article presents the results of numerical tests of a heavy-duty engine equipped with the TJI system running on gas fuels. The AVL BOOST software was used to analyze the effects of different fuel injection rates into the pre-chamber and various ignition timing angles, while maintaining a constant global excess air ratio. Increasing the proportion of hydrogen in the pre-chamber resulted in its reduction in the main chamber (the fuel dose was kept constant with different excess air coefficients in each of the chambers). The maximum combustion pressure values in both chambers were investigated. Changes in the amount of heat released and its release rate were determined. As a result of the simulations, different ignition and combustion conditions were presented for the tested fuels. Based on this, maps of fuel dose to prechamber vs. ignition advance angle were drawn up, showing selected thermodynamic indicators of the combustion process.
Accurize Market Research Reports & Consulting Services https://www.accurizemarketrese... (accessed on 1.09. 2023).
Alvarez ECE, Couto GE, Roso VR, Thiriet AB, Valle RM. A review of prechamber ignition systems as lean combustion technology for SI engines. Appl Therm Eng. 2018;128:107-120.
Cernat A, Pana C, Negurescu N, Nutu C, Fuiorescu D, Lazaroiu G. Aspects of an experimental study of hydrogen use at automotive diesel engine. Heliyon. 2023;9:w13889.
Cummins Inc. Debuts 15-Liter Hydrogen Engine at ACT EXPO. 2022.05.09. (accessed on 1.06.2023).
Hajjari M, Tabatabaei M, Aghbashlo M, Ghanavati H. A review on the prospects of sustainable biodiesel production: a global scenario with an emphasis on wasteoil biodiesel utilization. Renew Sustain Energy Rev. 2017;72:445-464.
Han M. The effects of synthetically designed diesel fuel properties – cetane number, aromatic content, distillation temperature, on low-temperature diesel combustion. Fuel. 2013;109:512-519.
Health and Safety Laboratory, injecting hydrogen into the gas network – a literature search. Research Report. 2015;1047.
Hosseini SH, Tsolakis A, Alagumalai A, Mahian O, Lam SS, Pan J et al. Use of hydrogen in dual-fuel diesel engines. Prog Energ Combust. 2023;98:101100.
Hountalas DT, Kouremenos AD. Development and application of a fully automatic troubleshooting method for large marine diesel engines. Appl Therm Eng. 1999;19:299-324.
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Office. Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. February H2IQ Hour: Overview of hydrogen internal combustion engine (H2ICE) Technologies. (accessed on 1.06.2023).
Incer-Valverde J, Korayem A, Tsatsaronis G, Morosuk T. “Colors” of hydrogen: Definitions and carbon intensity. Energ Convers Manage. 2023;291:117294.
Koten H. Hydrogen effects on the diesel engine performance and emissions. Int J Hydrogen Energ. 2018;43(22):10511-10519.
Liu J, Dumitrescu CE. Single and double Wiebe function combustion model for a heavy-duty diesel engine retrofitted to natural-gas spark-ignition. Appl Energy. 2019;248:95-103.
Liu Z, Wei H, Shu G, Zhou L. Ammonia-hydrogen engine with reactivity-controlled turbulent jet ignition (RCTJI). Fuel. 2023;348:128580.
Makaryan IA, Sedov IV, Salgansky EA, Arutyunov AV, Arutyunov VS. A comprehensive review on the prospects of using hydrogen–methane blends: challenges and opportunities. Energies. 2022;15:2265.
Meske P, Schmidt K, Shiba H, Capellmann D, Retzlaff M, Zimmer P et al. Component and combustion optimization of a hydrogen internal combustion engine to reach high specific power for heavy-duty applications. SAE Technical Paper 2023-32-0038. 2023.
Peters N, Bunce M. Active pre-chamber as a technology for addressing fuel slip and its associated challenges to lambda estimation in hydrogen ICEs. SAE Technical Paper 2023-32-0041. 2023.
Qi Y, Liu W, Liu S, Wang W, Peng Y, Wang Z. A review on ammonia-hydrogen fueled internal combustion engines. eTransportation. 2023;18:100288.
Ramsay CJ, Dinesh KKJR. Numerical modelling of a heavy-duty diesel-hydrogen dual-fuel engine with late high pressure hydrogen direct injection and diesel pilot. Int J Hydrogen Energ.
Ravaglioli V, Moro D, Serra G, Ponti F. MFB50 on-board evaluation based on a zero-dimensional ROHR model. SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-1420. 2011.
Schäfer P. Keyou Establishing an H2 Development and Test Center. https://www.springerprofession... (accessed on 1.06.2023).
Schiro F, Stoppato A, Benato A. Modelling and analyzing the impact of hydrogen enriched natural gas on domestic gas boilers in a decarbonization perspective. Carbon Resources Conversion. 2020;122-129.
Statista – The portal for statistics. 2019.
Tapping the potential within 100% hydrogen-powered engines. (accessed on 1.06.2023).
Tomaschitz M. AVL RACETECH builds hydrogen combustion engine for motorsport. (accessed on 1.06.2023).
Tsukamoto Y, Tanno S, Miyamoto Y, Sakai H, Omura T, Takahashi D. Analysis of the effect of hydrogen combustion characteristics on engine performance. SAE Technical Paper 2023-32-0039. 2023.
Tutak W, Grab-Rogaliński K, Jamrozik A. Combustion and emission characteristics of a biodiesel-hydrogen dual-fuel engine. Appl Sci. 2020;10:1082.
Wimmer A, Wallner T, Ringler J, Gerbig F. H2-direct injection – a highly promising combustion concept. SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-0108. 2005.
Winangun K, Setiyawan A, Sudarmanta B, Puspitasari I, Dewi EL. Investigation on the properties of a biodiesel-hydrogen mixture on the combustion characteristics of a diesel engine. Case Studies in Chemical and Environmental Engineering. 2023;8:100445.
Winangun K, Setiyawan A, Sudarmanta B. The combustion characteristics and performance of a Diesel Dual-Fuel (DDF) engine fueled by palm oil biodiesel and hydrogen gas. Case Stud Therm Eng. 2023;42:102755.
Wu Y-Y, Wang JH, Mir FM. Improving the thermal efficiency of the homogeneous charge compression ignition engine by using various combustion patterns. Energies. 2018;11(11): 3002.
Yadav K, Anirbid S. Hydrogen compressed natural gas and liquefied compressed natural gas: fuels for future. PDPU J Energy Manag. 2017;2:29-33. (accessed on 14 January 2022).
Yilmaz I. Effects of hydrogen addition to the intake air on performance and emissions of common rail diesel engine. Energy. 2018;142:1104-1113.
Yip HL, Srna A, Yuen ACY, Kook S, Taylor RA, Yeoh GH et al. A review of hydrogen direct injection for internal combustion engines: Towards carbon-free combustion. Appl Sci. 2019;9:1-30.
Yuvenda D, Sudarmanta B, Wahjudi A, Muraza O. Improved combustion performances and lowered emissions of CNG-diesel dual fuel engine under low load by optimizing CNG injection parameters. Fuel. 2020;269:117202.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top