The article presents the issues of current and future solutions used in rail vehicle drive systems. The review and analysis of energy storage possibilities in vehicles including electrochemical, mechanical and hydraulic accumulators and batteries has been made. The importance of their charging frequency is indicated, which translates into their possible uses. Characteristics of hybrid drive systems with particular emphasis on systems with fuel cells and ultracapacitors were presented. Current and conceptual solutions of series and parallel drive systems have been presented.
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