The article presents the issues of current and future solutions used in rail vehicle drive systems. The review and analysis of energy storage possibilities in vehicles including electrochemical, mechanical and hydraulic accumulators and batteries has been made. The importance of their charging frequency is indicated, which translates into their possible uses. Characteristics of hybrid drive systems with particular emphasis on systems with fuel cells and ultracapacitors were presented. Current and conceptual solutions of series and parallel drive systems have been presented.
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UltraCap double layer capacitors. A New energy storage device for peak power applications.
Ultracapacitor & supercapacitor.
Upasana Sarma, Sanjib Ganguly, Determination of the component sizing for the PEM fuel cell-battery hybrid energy system for locomotive application using particle swarm optimization, Journal of Energy Storage, Volume 19, 2018, Pages 247-259,
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